Quick Answer: What Do Urine Tests Show?

Can a regular urinalysis detect STD infection?

Urine testing is currently primarily used to detect bacterial STDs.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea urine tests are widely available.

Trichomoniasis urine tests are also available, but they are less common.

The gold standard for diagnosing bacterial STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, used to be bacterial culture..

Do white blood cells in urine always mean infection?

In this Article If your doctor tests your urine and finds too many leukocytes, it could be a sign of infection. Leukocytes are white blood cells that help your body fight germs. When you have more of these than usual in your urine, it’s often a sign of a problem somewhere in your urinary tract.

What do urine tests look for?

Things the dipstick test can check for include:Acidity, or pH. If the acid is abnormal, you could have kidney stones, a urinary tract infection (UTI), or another condition.Protein. This can be a sign your kidneys aren’t working right. … Glucose. … White blood cells. … Nitrites. … Bilirubin. … Blood in your urine.

What results does a urine test show?

Urinalysis is used to diagnose disease or to screen for health problems. In some cases, kidney disease might be suspected based on what is found. In other cases, nothing important is found. The results of urine tests can be affected by diet, dehydration, medicines, exercise, and other factors.

Is white blood cells in urine bad?

Urine is a generally thought of as a sterile body fluid, therefore, evidence of white blood cells or bacteria in the urine is considered abnormal and may suggest a urinary tract infection such as, bladder infection (cystitis), infection of kidney (pyelonephritis).

Can leukocytes in urine be a sign of STD?

Lower UTIs and many STIs have overlapping symptomatology, including the traditional UTI symptoms of dysuria, frequency, and urgency. In addition, abnormal urinalysis (UA) findings of positive leukocyte esterase and pyuria are common in both UTIs and STIs (3–6).

What can be found in a urine test?

The urinalysis is a set of screening tests that can detect some common diseases. It may be used to screen for and/or help diagnose conditions such as a urinary tract infections, kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes or other metabolic conditions, to name a few.

How do I check my urine test results?

Dipstick testAcidity (pH). The pH level indicates the amount of acid in urine. … Concentration. A measure of concentration, or specific gravity, shows how concentrated particles are in your urine. … Protein. Low levels of protein in urine are normal. … Sugar. … Ketones. … Bilirubin. … Evidence of infection. … Blood.

What are the abnormalities in urine?

Abnormal urine color may be caused by infection, disease, medicines, or food you eat. Cloudy or milky urine is a sign of a urinary tract infection, which may also cause a bad smell. Milky urine may also be caused by bacteria, crystals, fat, white or red blood cells, or mucus in the urine.

What indicates kidney infection in urine test?

The most common lab tests to help diagnose a kidney infection are two types of urine test: Urinalysis For this test, you’ll urinate into a container at your doctor’s office or lab. A sample of your urine will be viewed under a microscope, to look for bacteria or white blood cells, which can indicate an infection.

What should not be found in urine?

Normal Results Usually, glucose, ketones, protein, and bilirubin are not detectable in urine. The following are not normally found in urine: Hemoglobin. Nitrites.

What does it mean when you have white blood cells in your urine?

Increased white blood cells in urine may indicate: A bacterial urinary tract infection. This is the most common cause of a high white blood cell count in urine. Inflammation of the urinary tract or kidneys.

Why do I have white blood cells in urine but no infection?

Sterile pyuria It is possible to have white blood cells in the urine without a bacterial infection. Sterile pyuria refers to the persistent presence of white blood cells in the urine when no bacteria are found to be present by laboratory examination.

Does bacteria in your urine mean you have an STD?

Bacteria around your genitals (e.g. from your skin or fecal matter) that enters your urinary tract is the most common cause. Some people can get a UTI after sex – but, this doesn’t necessarily mean it’s an STI.

Will STD show bacteria in urine?

Laboratory tests can show what, if any, bacterial or viral STIs are present. Blood tests can show if you have a disease that infects the blood. Urine samples can show if you have a bacteria in your urine from an STI. Fluid samples can show if you have active sores and help diagnose the type of infection.